how Is the cibil score calculated

How Is The CIBIL Score Calculated? – Loaney

If borrowing money is on your list and you have been looking up the basics of borrowing a loan in India, you might have come across the term CIBIL scores or credit scores or credit reports. Loan borrowing and getting the required amount as per your needs has become easier than ever and more people are opting for loans from banks and money lending platforms rather than borrowing money from local money lenders or even their friends and relatives. While loans these days are more accessible for all, the moneylender or bank or any financial institution needs to ensure that the client is not posing a risk for them. They need to know that the borrower is worthy of borrowing a loan and is capable of repaying the amount with the interest. The borrower must have a good track record of credits and loans to let the lender be sure of their willingness to pay the loan. 

This is where your credit history and CIBIL score come into play. These scores are an important point in the eligibility criteria to qualify for a loan in India. If you are wondering what exactly this score is, what is the credit report or how is CIBIL score calculated and the credit report drafted, then you have landed at the right place. This article is the ultimate guide on CIBIL scores and how CIBIL scores online calculators. In this article, we will be talking in detail about CIBIL scores, a good CIBIL score, CIBIL score range, how to calculate a CIBIL score for a personal loan, and other topics related to credit reports and CIBIL score. By the end of this article, you will know how to calculate a free CIBIL score and be ready to apply for a loan if you qualify for the same. 

What Is The CIBIL Score?

Let us begin this guide on calculating CIBIL scores by understanding what CIBIL is, what it does, and what the CIBIL score is. 

The TransUnion CIBIL Limited is a credit rating agency in India. Previously it was known as the Credit Information Bureau India Limited. As a credit rating agency, TransUnion CIBIL Limited assigns the CIBIL scores to individuals and organizations. The scores are assigned based on the record of credit-related activities and loans of the person or company involved. The TransUnion CIBIL Limited maintains a detailed record of all these activities and hence the CIBIL score or credit scores assigned by this agency is a reflection of your credit records and a summary of all your previously borrowed credits and loans. 

The CIBIL score or the credit score is a three-digit number. The CIBIL score range is from 300 to 900. Further, we will look at how the CIBIL score is calculated, the CIBIL score calculators online, and a good CIBIL score. 

What is a good CIBIL score?

A decent CIBIL score necessitates a significant amount of effort and perseverance. If you’ve ever looked for a credit card or a loan, you know how important your credit history, or those three-digit numbers, are. Furthermore, the better your CIBIL score, the more likely you are to be eligible for the full advantages. In reality, if a person’s efficiency is less than 550, they will not match the requirements of numerous financial businesses. Specific efforts must be performed to preserve a better financial status. Continue reading to learn how to calculate a CIBIL score and the key techniques for maintaining a good CIBIL score.

How Is The CIBIL Score Calculated?

CIBIL score is a major factor that determines your qualification for applying for a loan in India. So the applicants need to know how the CIBIL score is calculated and then work on those areas to build and maintain the required CIBIL score. 

The TransUnion CIBIL Limited calculates and assigns the CIBIL score of the individuals and organizations by assessing certain aspects of their credit activities and loans. After considering these factors, the CIBIL scores are assigned. The factors that influence the calculation of the CIBIL score by TransUnion CIBIL Limited are as follows:

  • Payments History of the Applicant: the first and most important factor that affects your CIBIL score is your payment record. This contributes to 30% of your CIBIL score. Timely payments, no balance credits, and repayments of debt within the stipulated time frame can be beneficial for a high CIBIL score. 
  • Credit Utilization Ratio: Also known as Credit exposure, this factor is the next most important aspect that highly influences the calculation of your CIBIL score. The credit utilization ratio constitutes 25% of your CIBIL credit score. The credit utilization ratio refers to the amount of credit borrowed to the proportion of the credit limit available to the borrower. Your credit utilization must not be higher than 30% for a good CIBIL credit score. 
  • Type of Credit taken, Duration of Credit, and Balance of Type of Credit: Your loan borrowing history or credit history too is important for the calculation of the CIBIL credit score. This lets the lender know the duration for which you have known to handle credits. There must also be a balance between the unsecured and secured debts that you have taken. This also impacts the CIBIL credit score. This factor contributes to another 25% of the CIBIL score. 
  • Hard Enquiries: When you apply for a loan or a credit, the lender enquires about you. This inquiry is also recorded as a credit-related activity for CIBIL score calculation. When the inquiry is unsuccessful, it is called a hard inquiry and this impacts your CIBIL score. This factor accounts for 20% of your CIBIL credit score. 

Now that we know how the CIBIL score is calculated, we must take a look at what the ideal CIBIL score is and how can CIBIL score be checked in India. 

How is the CIBIL score calculated manually?

The CIBIL score would be a significant aspect in determining your eligibility to qualify for a mortgage in India. As a result, candidates must understand how and why the CIBIL score would be computed and focus on those areas to achieve and maintain the needed CIBIL score.

TransUnion CIBIL Limited compiles and assigns CIBIL scores to people and businesses based on a review of their credit activity and loans. The CIBIL values are awarded after these considerations are taken into account. The following are the elements that TransUnion CIBIL Limited considers to calculate the CIBIL score:

  • Bank Account statements of the Applicant: Your payment history is only the most essential aspect that influences your CIBIL score. This accounts for 30% of your total CIBIL score. A good CIBIL score may be achieved by making on-time payments, avoiding balance credits, and repaying debts within the agreed-upon time limit.
  • Payment History Ratio: Also described as debt instruments, this is the second most important component that has a significant impact on your CIBIL score computation. CIBIL score calculates by using your credit usage ratio, which accounts for 25% of your total score. The credit usage ratio is the fraction of the monthly payment provided to the borrower and represents the fraction of credit obtained. For a decent CIBIL credit score, your credit use should not exceed 30%.
  • Type of Credit Used, Credit Duration, and Credit Balance: Your loan spending history, or credit history, is also crucial in determining your CIBIL credit score. This informs the lender of the length of time you’ve been handling credit. You must also strike a balance between unprotected and secured debts you have incurred. This affects your CIBIL credit score as well. Roughly 25% of the Creditworthiness is determined by this element.
  • More serious inquiries: The lender will inquire about you until you submit the application or credit. To calculate CIBIL score free, each query is likewise recognized as a credit-related operation. When an investigation fails, it is referred to as a hard investigation, and it influences your CIBIL score. This element is responsible for 20% of the CIBIL credit score.   

Now since we understand how and why the CIBIL rating is generated, we must consider the ideal Credit high story and how to verify the CIBIL score in India.

What is the Ideal CIBIL Score You Should Have?

A CIBIL score above 750 is traditionally thought to be optimum for credit acceptance. Unsecured credit, such as private student loans, may necessitate a higher score to make a certain amount of assets. Credit history of 750+, but on the other hand, ensures rapid credit facility for unsecured loans such as Residential Mortgages if other qualifying conditions are met. 

Anyone seeking to get the ideal New Mortgage CIBIL score could use the CIBIL score estimation method and a few pointers to boost their score. Here are a few pointers about CIBIL score calculation free to think about.

  • Clear current debts and make timely payments on credit card statements and EMIs.
  • Keep your credit utilization percentage below 40%.
  • Maintain a good balance of secured and unregulated debts.
  • Limit credit inquiries to a bare minimum Acknowledge all sources of income Maintain a FOIR of less than 50%.

These things raise your CIBIL score and make you eligible for a loan. Individuals with a good CIBIL score might benefit from lower interest rates and more favorable lending arrangements. As a result, calculating CIBIL score online aids borrowers in improving their CIBIL score once they understand the aspects that influence it.

Benefits of having a good CIBIL score

A high CIBIL score is required and provides several benefits. As a result, before obtaining loans, a prospective loan borrower must be educated on the benefits. The advantages of a high CIBIL score are listed below:

  • Lower credit rates: The major advantage of a high CIBIL score is negative interest rates. The probability of default determines the lending rate. A solid credit score assures your borrower that you will return the loan on time and in full. As a result, your lender may offer you a cheaper interest rate because the chance of failure is low.
  • When you apply, any creditor will obtain your credit record and do a credit check. Because of your conventional mortgage and prior instances of accurate and frequent mortgage repayments, whether you have a perfect credit score, your prospects of obtaining a loan accepted are quite high.
  • A high CIBIL score also indicates that you have not taken out several loans from lending institutions, or that you may have not acquired debt that makes repayment difficult. As a consequence, the lender is certain that you will repay the loan in regular installments, and thus the chances of acceptance are great and almost certain.
  • Credit Limitation: A high CIBIL score means you’re a trustworthy and responsible borrower. As a consequence, the lender may be less hesitant to increase your line of credit on your credit badge or your principal balance.

How to calculate the CIBIL score for an instant loan?

 TransUnion CIBIL, a creditworthiness business, determines credit scores using the ‘Accounts’ and ‘Enquiry’ sections of CIBIL reports. Check out the essential factors below to learn how to calculate a CIBIL score online in India.

  • Previous Results

In CIBIL score calculation, the consumer’s historical success in managing financial obligations is given the highest weighting of 30%.

  • Exposure to Credit

In producing the CIBIL report, the creditor’s entire credit standing is given a 25% weighting.

  • Type and Duration of Credit

The kind of loans, such as guaranteed and uncontrolled, and the length of the credit account for 25% of the Bad credit history.

  • Other Considerations

To calculate the CIBIL score, the remaining 20% of the score is weighted by factors like credit utilization ratio and credit inquiry. In India, these four elements play a significant part in determining the CIBIL score.

How to get an instant personal loan with a low CIBIL score?

It will be difficult to obtain a personal loan if you have a bad credit score as evidenced by your reduced CIBIL Score. It would not be, however, unattainable. Notwithstanding your low-down-payment, many lending institutions will be willing to lend to you, however at a somewhat higher interest rate. Some financial technology platforms and NBFCs now provide payday loans to those with bad credit, and a few of them are included below: Credit Financial services is a company that specializes in financial services.

  • Vintage
  • Loanbaba
  • Lendbox
  • Finance
  • Credit at Home

Remember to search around before choosing a lender, and if you do acquire a personal loan, make sure you pay it back on time so you can progressively improve your credit score.


1. How CIBIL score is calculated in India?

CIBIL score is calculated in India by TransUnion CIBIL Limited. This agency considers a few major factors like payment history, credit exposure, type of debts, and hard inquiry to calculate the CIBIL credit score.

2. How to Check CIBIL Score by PAN Card?

  • Visit the official website for checking the CIBIL credit score. The following is the website for this purpose:
  • Choose the ‘Get Your Credit Score’ option. Or you can select the ‘Check my CIBIL score’ option.
  • Fill in your PAN card details.
  • Select the ‘Submit’ option.
  • Select the ‘Proceed to Payment’ option.
  • Complete the payment for this request.
  • After this, you will receive your CIBIL report via email on your registered email ID.